What happens to all those recyclable things after they’re collected? Recycling is the process of creating undesirable or used products into fresh remanufactured products. To put it , recycling is the craft of earning waste into a resource.
There are different processes for recycling different things:
Paper The paper is taken to a recycling plant in which it is split to various kinds and grades. The split paper is then washed with sterile water to remove ink, plastic film, staples and adhesive. This mixture is then combined with water to make a slurry. By adding different materials to the slurry, different paper products, like paperboard, newsprint, or office paper, can be created.
Plastics When plastic is recycled, it is sorted to various types and colors, filtered and sifted of contaminants. Then chopped and squeezed into pellets or made into fibers. These materials could be utilized to make fleece fabrics, durable construction materials, molded furniture or insulation.
Metals When plastics are recycled, metal products (like aluminium cans) are chopped up, warmed to remove the paint coating, then warmed up more to melt. After being treated and filtered, the molten metal is poured into ingots, that are wrapped into flat sheets and ready to be made into new metal products.
Glass Glass is collected, sorted by color then washed to remove any impurities. The glass is then crushed and mixed with sand, soft drink ash and limestone. This mixture is then melted and molded into new products like bottles and jars.
E-waste Electronic waste, or e-waste (mobile phones, laptops, computers, batteries, etc), is dismantled into different parts (metal frames, power supplies, circuit boards, plastics) either by hand or automated shredding equipment. These recovered components are then accumulated to send to various facilities for further recycling processing. Leaded glass in CRTs is reused in automobile batteries, ammo, and lead wheel weights. Silver, gold, palladium, silver and tin are all offered to smelters for recycling. Hazardous smoke and gases captured from the recycling of e-waste are contained and treated to mitigate environmental hazards.
Textiles and Clothing Textiles and clothing are accumulated then sorted into type and color. The textiles are shredded into fibers and mixed with some other fibers. The blended mixture is cleaned and spun for weaving or knitting. Fibers may also be compressed for mattress production. Some textiles are shredded to make filling material for auto insulation, roofing felts, loudspeaker cones, panel linings and furniture padding.
For specialized polyester based materials like buttons and zippers are removed. Then, the rest of the material is cut into small pieces. These tiny bits are granulated and formed into small pellets. The pellets are broken down and turned into polyester chips. These chips are melted and spun into fresh filament fiber used to make fresh polyester materials.
Now you know what happens to your recycled materials to make the environment healthy and sustainable.